Chengdu Rainpoo Technology Co., Ltd.

Chengdu Rainpoo Technology Co., Ltd.

Chengdu Rainpoo Technology Co., Ltd.

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Kedu otu ụdị GSD na ụdị ụgbọelu ndị na-ebu ụgbọ mmiri si emetụta usoro 3D dabara adaba

N'isiokwu ikpeazụ Otu etu isi akara ala na data PPK siri metụta usoro 3D dabara adaba, anyị kwuru na na mgbakwunye GCPs na PPK datas, GSD na drone ụgbọelu nwekwara ogo ogo dị na 3D ziri ezi. Ya mere, anyị mee ule ọzọ iji nyochaa ya.

Nyocha 1: mmetụta nke GSD na oke ogo nke ụdị 3D;

Ọnọdụ 1

Ụgbọelu drone

Oblique igwefoto

Ndị GCP

PPK

 CW10 VTOL

NKP

MBA

MBA

Nsonaazụ Nsonaazụ:

Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe

mmesho ogologo (L0)

3D nlereanya ogologo (L1) GSD = 2cm

3D nlereanya ogologo 3D L2) GSD = 1.5cm

DS1 (L0-L1)

DS2 (L0-L2)

1

7.210

7.18

7,20

0.030

0.010

 

8.706

8.69

8.65

0.016

0.056

 

10.961

10.89

10.90

0.071

0.061

2

7.010

6.88

6.86

0.130

0.150

3

1.822

Ugboro

Ugboro

0.062

0.062

4

10.410

10.38

10.37

0.030

0.040

5

10.718

10.65

10.68

0.068

0.038

6

13.787

13.72

13.71

0.067

0,877

7

11.404

11.41

11.38

-0.006

0.024

 

12.147

12.13

12.12

0.017

0.027

8

7.526

7.44

7.49

0.086

0.036

 

13.797

13.83

13.77

-0.033

0.027

9

10.374

10.35

10.35

0.024

0.024

10

2.109

1.98

2.09

Ugboro abụọ

0.019

 

4.281

4,14

4.19

0.41

0.091

11

14.675

14.55

14.64

Ugboro abụọ

0.035

 

8.600

8.58

8.57

0.020

0.030

12

13.394

13.36

13.38

0.034

0.014

13

12.940

12.95

12.91

-0.010

0.030

14

7.190

7.21

7,20

-0.020

-0.010

15

13.371

13.36

13.38

0.011

-0.009

 

6.435

6.37

6.43

0.065

0,85

16

3.742

3.74

3.70

Ugboro abụọ

0.042

17

6.022

6.03

5,99

-0.008

0.032

18

3.937

3.91

3.94

0.027

-0.003

19

8.120

8.09

8.12

0.030

0,000

 

14.411

14.40

Ochie 14.37

0.011

0.041

20

6.077

6.06

6.04

0.017

0,037

21

13.696

13.68

13.65

0.016

0.046

RMSE : DS1 = 0.0397m , DS2 = 0.0356m

Ọnọdụ 2

Ụgbọelu drone

Oblique igwefoto

Ndị GCP

PPK

CW10 VTOL

NKP

Eeh

Mba

Nsonaazụ Nsonaazụ:

Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe

mmesho ogologo (L0)

3D nlereanya ogologo (L1) GSD = 2cm

3D nlereanya ogologo 3D L2) GSD = 1.5cm

DS1 (L0-L1)

DS2 (L0-L2)

1

7.210

7.18

7.21

0.030

0

 

8.706

8.68

8.68

0,026

0,026

 

10.961

10.91

10.87

0.051

0.091

2

7.010

6.92

6.88

0.090

Ugboro

3

1.822

1.79

Ugboro

0.032

0.062

4

10.410

10.39

10.38

0.020

0.03

5

10.718

10.66

10.72

0.058

-0.002

6

13.787

13.77

13.79

0.017

-0.003

7

11.404

11.38

11.38

0.024

0.024

 

12.147

12.12

12.13

0.027

0.017

8

7.526

7.47

7.53

0.056

-0.004

 

13.797

13.83

13.78

-0.033

0.017

9

10.374

10.34

10.37

0.034

Ugboro anọ

10

2.109

2.03

Ugboro abụọ

0,879

-0.001

 

4.281

4.18

4,28

0.101

0.001

11

14.675

14.59

14.67

0.085

0,85

 

8.600

8.57

8.58

0.030

0.02

12

13.394

13.35

13.39

0.044

Ugboro anọ

13

12.940

12.92

12.9

0.020

0.04

14

7.190

7.21

7,19

-0.020

0

15

13.371

13.36

13.37

0.011

0.001

 

6.435

6.43

6.42

0,85

0.015

16

3.742

3.72

3.7

0.022

0.042

17

6.022

6.00

5.98

0.022

0.042

18

3.937

3.94

3.91

-0.003

0.027

19

8.120

8.09

8.07

0.030

0,05

 

14.411

14.41

14.38

0.001

0.031

20

6.077

6.03

6.04

0.047

0,037

21

13.696

13.65

13.65

0.046

0.046

RMSE: DS1 = 0.0328m , DS2 = 0.0259m

Ọnọdụ 3

Ụgbọelu drone

Oblique igwefoto

Ndị GCP

PPK

CW10 VTOL

NKP

MBA

EE

 

Nsonaazụ Nsonaazụ 3:

Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe

mmesho ogologo (L0)

3D nlereanya ogologo (L1) GSD = 2cm

3D nlereanya ogologo 3D L2) GSD = 1.5cm

DS1 (L0-L1)

DS2 (L0-L2)

1

7.210

7,20

7,20

0.01

0.01

 

8.706

8.71

8.69

0.00

0.02

 

10.961

10.87

10.88

0.09

0.08

2

7.010

6.89

6.87

0.12

0.14

3

1.822

1.79

1.75

0.03

0.07

4

10.410

10.39

10.38

0.02

0.03

5

10.718

10.67

10.69

0,05

0.03

6

13.787

13.75

13.78

0.04

0.01

7

11.404

11.39

11.38

0.01

0.02

 

12.147

12.13

12.12

0.02

0.03

8

7.526

7.51

7.49

0.02

0.04

 

13.797

13.79

13.78

0.01

0.02

9

10.374

10.35

10.34

0.02

0.03

10

2.109

2.03

2.02

0.08

0.09

 

4.281

4.15

4.21

Ugboro

0.07

11

14.675

14.61

14.65

0.07

0.03

 

8.600

8.60

8.57

0.00

0.03

12

13.394

13.37

13.40

0.02

-0.01

13

12.940

12.88

12.89

0.06

0,05

14

7.190

7,20

7.18

-0.01

0.01

15

13.371

13.36

13.38

0.01

-0.01

 

6.435

6.40

6.46

0.03

-0.03

16

3.742

3.75

3.75

-0.01

-0.01

17

6.022

5.97

5.97

0,05

0,05

18

3.937

3.93

3.91

0.01

0.03

19

8.120

8.10

8.08

0.02

0.04

 

14.411

14.40

14.38

0.01

0.03

20

6.077

6.04

6.05

0.04

0.03

21

13.696

13.65

13.67

0,05

0.03

RMSE: DS1 = 0.0342m , DS2 = 0.0328m

Ọnọdụ 4

Ụgbọelu drone

Oblique igwefoto

Ndị GCP

PPK

CW10 VTOL

NKP

EE

EE

Nsonaazụ Nsonaazụ 4:

Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe

mmesho ogologo (L0)

3D nlereanya ogologo (L1) GSD = 2cm

3D nlereanya ogologo 3D L2) GSD = 1.5cm

DS1 (L0-L1)

DS2 (L0-L2)

1

7.21

7.21

7.21

0.00

0.00

8.706

8.68

8.7

0.03

0.01

10.961

10.90

10.89

0.06

0.07

2

7.01

6.98

6,99

0.03

0.02

3

1.822

1.8

1.78

0.02

0.04

4

10.41

10.40

10.39

0.01

0.02

5

10.718

10.70

10.69

0.02

0.03

6

13.787

13.77

13.76

0.02

0.03

7

11.404

11.39

11.39

0.01

0.01

12.147

12.13

12.12

0.02

0.03

8

7.526

7.49

7.51

0.04

0.02

13.797

13.81

13.8

-0.01

0.00

9

10.374

10.36

10.35

0.01

0.02

10

2.109

2.02

Ugboro abụọ

0.09

0.00

4.281

4.16

4,28

0.12

0.00

11

14.675

14.66

14.68

0.02

0.00

8.6

8.54

8.53

0.06

0.07

12

13.394

13.35

13.37

0.04

0.02

13

12.94

12.89

12.91

0,05

0.03

14

7,19

7.18

7.2

0.01

-0.01

15

13.371

13.35

13.35

0.02

0.02

6.435

6.41

6.4

0.02

0.03

16

3.742

3.72

3.71

0.02

0.03

17

6.022

5.98

5.98

0.04

0.04

18

3.937

3.89

3.89

0,05

0,05

19

8.12

8.12

8.1

0.00

0.02

14.411

14.40

14.39

0.01

0.02

20

6.077

6.03

6.03

0,05

0,05

21

13.696

13.66

13.64

0.04

0.06

RMSE : DS1 = 0.0308m , DS2 = 0.0249m

Mkpebi

Ndị na-agbanwe agbanwe nke nnwale 1 bụ:

1: Na / enweghị PPK data.

2: Na / Na-enweghị GCPs.

3: GSD dị iche : 1.5 cm ma ọ bụ 2cm

Mgbe anyị nyochachara usoro anọ nke data nnwale, anyị nwere ike nweta nkwubi okwu ndị a:

 

Mgbe igwefoto oblique bu DG4Pros:

(1) Na / Na-enweghị akara njikwa ala (GCP) na PPK data metụtara AT triangulation, ma ọ bụ VTOL ma ọ bụ multi-rotor drone, ma GSD bụ 2cm ma ọ bụ 1.5cm, ụdị 3D nke igwefoto DG4Pros gbagọrọ agbagọ. nwere ike izute chọrọ nke ikwu ziri ezi njehie Ds≤10cm (N'ezie ≤5cm).

(2) Mgbe GSD bụ otu ihe na - agbanwe agbanwe, izi ezi nke ụdị 3D nwere GSD = 1.5cm dị mma karịa GSD = 2cm.

Nyocha 2: mmetụta nke ụdị ụgbọ mmiri ndị na-ebu ụgbọ mmiri na izi ezi nke ụdị 3D

Ọnọdụ 1

Oblique igwefoto

Ndị GCP

PPK

GSD

NKP

MBA

MBA

1.5cm

Nsonaazụ Nsonaazụ:

Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe

mmesho ogologo (L0)

3D nlereanya ogologo, L1, CW10

3D nlereanya ogologo, L2, M600Pro

DS1 (L0-L1)

DS2 (L0-L2)

1

7.21

7,20

7,19

0.010

0.02

 

8.706

8.65

8.70

0.056

0.01

 

10.961

10.90

10.91

0.061

0,05

2

7.01

6.86

6.98

0.150

0.03

3

1.822

Ugboro

1.79

0.062

0.03

4

10.41

10.37

10.39

0.040

0.02

5

10.718

10.68

10.69

0.038

0.03

6

13.787

13.71

13.76

0,877

0.03

7

11.404

11.38

11.38

0.024

0.02

 

12.147

12.12

12.12

0.027

0.03

8

7.526

7.49

7,50

0.036

0.03

 

13.797

13.77

13.77

0.027

0.03

9

10.374

10.35

10.33

0.024

0.04

10

2.109

2.09

2.02

0.019

0.09

 

4.281

4.19

4,20

0.091

0.08

11

14.675

14.64

14.65

0.035

0.03

 

8.6

8.57

8.57

0.030

0.03

12

13.394

13.38

13.35

0.014

0.04

13

12.94

12.91

12.92

0.030

0.02

14

7,19

7,20

7.17

-0.010

0.02

15

13.371

13.38

13.35

-0.009

0.02

 

6.435

6.43

6.41

0,85

0.02

16

3.742

3.70

3.70

0.042

0.04

17

6.022

5,99

5,99

0.032

0.03

18

3.937

3.94

3.89

-0.003

0,05

19

8.12

8.12

8.08

0,000

0.04

 

14.411

Ochie 14.37

14.36

0.041

0,05

20

6.077

6.04

6.06

0,037

0.02

21

13.696

13.65

13.65

0.046

0,05

RMSE: DS1 = 0.0356m , DS2 = 0.342m

Ọnọdụ 2

Oblique igwefoto

Ndị GCP

PPK

GSD

NKP

EE

MBA

1.5cm

 

Nsonaazụ Nsonaazụ:

Ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe

mmesho ogologo (L0)

3D nlereanya ogologo, L1, CW10

3D nlereanya ogologo, L2, M600Pro

DS1 (L0-L1)

DS2 (L0-L2)

1

7.21

7.21

7.21

0

0.00

 

8.706

8.68

8.70

0,026

0.01

 

10.961

10.87

10.91

0.091

0,05

2

7.01

6.88

6.98

Ugboro

0.03

3

1.822

Ugboro

1.8

0.062

0.02

4

10.41

10.38

10.39

0.03

0.02

5

10.718

10.72

10.70

-0.002

0.02

6

13.787

13.79

13.75

-0.003

0.04

7

11.404

11.38

11.38

0.024

0.02

 

12.147

12.13

12.13

0.017

0.02

8

7.526

7.53

7.49

-0.004

0.04

 

13.797

13.78

13.79

0.017

0.01

9

10.374

10.37

10.35

Ugboro anọ

0.02

10

2.109

Ugboro abụọ

2.07

-0.001

0.04

 

4.281

4,28

4.21

0.001

0.07

11

14.675

14.67

14.66

0,85

0.02

 

8.6

8.58

8.57

0.02

0.03

12

13.394

13.39

13.35

Ugboro anọ

0.04

13

12.94

12.9

12.93

0.04

0.01

14

7,19

7,19

7.18

0

0.01

15

13.371

13.37

13.36

0.001

0.01

 

6.435

6.42

6.42

0.015

0.01

16

3.742

3.7

3.71

0.042

0.03

17

6.022

5.98

6.00

0.042

0.02

18

3.937

3.91

3.91

0.027

0.03

19

8.12

8.07

8.10

0,05

0.02

 

14.411

14.38

14.35

0.031

0.06

20

6.077

6.04

6.06

0,037

0.02

21

13.696

13.65

13.67

0.046

0.03

RMSE: DS1 = 0.0259m , DS2 = 0.256m

Mkpebi

Ndị na-agbanwe agbanwe nke nnwale 2 bụ:

1: Na / Na-enweghị GCPs.

2: Dị iche iche ụgbọelu drone: a VTOL drone ma ọ bụ multi-rotor drone

Mgbe anyị nyochachara usoro nyocha abụọ ahụ, anyị nwere ike nweta nkwubi okwu ndị a:

 

Mgbe igwefoto oblique bu DG4Pros:

(1) Na / Na-enweghị akara njikwa ala (GCP) ma ọ bụ VTOL ma ọ bụ multi-rotor drone, ụdị 3D emere site na igwefoto DG4Pros buru ibu nwere ike mezuo ihe ezighi ezi ezighi ezi Ds≤10cm (N'ezie ≤5cm).

(2) Mgbe ụdị ụgbọ mmiri drone bụ otu na-agbanwe agbanwe, etu o siri dị na ụdị 3D nwere ọtụtụ rotor ka nke VTOL mma karịa, mana ọdịiche ahụ adịchaghị oke.